The Compounds Responsible for Air Pollution
Magdalena Kostrz 1  
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Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie, al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków
Publish date: 2017-12-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 6:89–95
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ABSTRACT:
Air quality in Poland poses a serious threat for boththe society and the environment. According to the WHO research Poland is located on the 14th place as a country most contaminated by particulate matter (PM10). Equally health-threatening substances are ozone, PAH, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur oxide, carbon oxide and heavy metals. Long-lasting exposure to high concentrations of ozone and nitrogen dioxide may lead to many irreversible changes in lungs, pulmonary oedema and even death. The main PAH, which cumulates in the organism is benzopyrene. This substance has been described by the IARC as a the most cancerogenic factor. High concentration of sulfur oxide in the air may cause severe damage of upper respiratory tract, sulfur oxide contributes greatly also to the appearance of acid rain and is an ingredient of a London type smog. Heavy metals polluting the air are one of the most severe health threat for people, due to the ability to cumulate in the organism.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Magdalena Kostrz   
Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie, al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków