VARIABILITY OF ARABLE AND FOREST SOILS PROPERTIES ON ERODED SLOPES
Katedra Geografii Fizycznej i Kształtowania Środowiska, Instytut Geografii, Uniwersytet Gdański, ul. Bażyńskiego 4, 80-952 Gdańsk
Instytut Geografii, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, ul. Mińska 15, 85-428 Bydgoszcz
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 39:198–208
Publish date: 2014-10-17
The basic method of reducing soil and land erosion is a change of land use, for example, from arable to forest. Particularly effective as a protective role – according to the Polish law – soil-protecting forests. The thesis presents differences in the deformation of the basic soil properties on moraine slopes, depending on land use. There has been presented the function and the efficiency of the soil-protecting forests in erosion control. The soil cross section transects and soil analysis displayed that soil-protecting forests are making an essential soil cover protection from degradation, inter alia, limiting the decrease of humus content, reduction of upper soil horizons and soil pedons layer. On the afforested slopes it was stated some clear changes of grain size and chemical properties of soils in relation to adjacent slopes agriculturally used.