DETERMINATION OF FLUORIDE IN HIGHLY SALINATED WATERS BY ION CHROMATOGRAPHY METHOD WITH USE OF SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION FOR SAMPLE PREPARATION
Beata Kostka 1  
,  
Malwina Cykowska 1  
,  
Małgorzata Bebek 1  
,  
 
 
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Główny Instytut Górnictwa w Katowicach, Zakład Monitoringu Środowiska, Laboratorium Analiz Wód i Ścieków, Plac Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice
Publish date: 2014-10-21
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2013; 32:106–114
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ABSTRACT
Solid phase extraction (SPE) is one of the most popular methods of matrix elimination in determination of anions by ion chromatography. Possibility of using cartridges containing a cation-exchange resin in the Ag+ and Na+ forms for determination of fluoride in the presence of very high concentration of chloride in mine waters was described in this paper. A Dionex ICS-2500 ion chromatograph was used for separation of anions in gradient elution using IonPac AS19 (4x250 mm) separation column along with generated KOH eluent. Fluoride after separation was determined by conductivity detector with suppression. The investigations performed on mine waters (conductivity in the range 12 700 μS/cm–155 000 μS/cm) and synthetic brine (38 820 mg/L Cl- and 3 408 mg/L SO4 2-) confirmed usefulness of cartridges containing a cation-exchange resin for minimizing matrix influence on results of fluoride determination. The ion chromatography method accompanied by solid phase extraction for sample preparation proved to be very useful for determination of fluoride in highly salinated waters (i.e. mine waters) because of low detection limit (0,02 mg/L), good precision (< 2,5 %) and accuracy (recovery 91 % – 104 %).