USE OF THE MICROWAVE RADIATION FOR UPGRADING OF A BIOMASS ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION
Anna Nowicka 1  
,  
Marcin Zieliński 1  
,  
Marcin Dębowski 1  
,  
 
 
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Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, ul. Warszawska 117 a, 10-720 Olsztyn
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anna Nowicka   

Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, ul. Warszawska 117 a, 10-720 Olsztyn
Publication date: 2017-04-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 2:109–116
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ABSTRACT
Perform pretreatment is crucial particularly in the case of the use of hard-degradable biomass, the biochemical susceptibility to degradation, for example, alcoholic fermentation is limited. Biomass disintegration processes lead to the destruction of compact structures and release of the organic substance to the phase dissolved in a resultant increase in the concentration of dissolved easily degradable organic substances. Effective pretreatment should meet several criteria, including ensuring the separation of lignin from cellulose, to increase the share of amorphous cellulose, provide a higher porosity substrates, eliminate waste sugars limit formation of inhibitors, minimize energy costs. The aim of this paper is to show the possibilities of using electromagnetic microwave radiation for pre-treatment plant biomass before the fermentation process of alcohol and comparison of the effectiveness of the described method with other commonly used techniques of pre-treatment. The substrate subjected to microwave treatment has a fast rate of hydrolysis and a high content of glucose in the hydrolyzate, which increases the efficiency of the production of bioethanol.