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9
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75.46
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THE IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE LANDFILL ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Monika Janas 1  ,  
 
1
Politechnika Łódzka, Wydział Inżynierii Procesowej i Ochrony Środowiska
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 3:64–73
Publish date: 2017-06-01
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ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study is to assess the environmental impact of a shut down industrial waste landfill. A detailed analysis of the quality of groundwater around the landfill in the years 1995-2016 was conducted. Assessment of the status of groundwater in the landfill area was made based on the results of monitoring tests. It includes the measurement of pH, specific electrical conductivity (SEC) and the content of chlorides, sulfates, phosphates, heavy metals: copper (Cu), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr) and a number of other pollution indicators. The analysis confirms that the landfill during the operation did not constitute a threat because of a number of employed security measures and sealing layers. Only in recent years, the industrial waste landfill which is already out of operation has become an extremely serious environmental threat. The results of water analyses from the piezometers clearly indicate that there is a problem of groundwater contamination. There was a significant increase in the value of some of the analyzed indicators (such as chlorides and sulfates), mainly in the piezometers located on the flow line of groundwater in the landfill area. The observed situation is probably a result of damage to the sealing layers and leaching of pollutants from waste deposited in the landfill by rain water.