The influence of rain temopration on the results of rainfall-runoff model
Radosław Stodolak 1  
Jeremi Baran 2  
Ewa Knap 2  
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Instytut Inżynierii Środowiska, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, pl. Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Hydrologów i Hydrotechników, ul. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław
Publish date: 2018-10-01
Inż. Ekolog. 2018; 6:87–93
The paper concerns the selection of precipitation time distribution used in the process of development rainfall-runoff model. The Bystrzyca catchment area, which is a left-bank tributary of the Nysa Kłodzka River, was used as a research area. In order to achieve the assumptions, it was necessary to create several variants of possible rainfall time distribution, including one using a widely used method based on the recommendations of the German Association for Water Management and Land Melioration DVWK. To verify and calibrate the modeling results, rainfall data and measured values of flow obtained from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute resources were used. Data related to land use and soil arrangement in the catchment area, which were used in the modelling process, required analysis with the use of tools enabling the processing of spatial information in the GIS environment. The modelling process was carried out in HEC-HMS 4. 2 using the NRCS-UH model (formerly SCS-CN) implemented by the American Soil Conservation Service (SCS). The aim of the modeling process was to check which of the assumed distributions of time variation of precipitation will generate the hypothetical wave closest to the actual wave of 13. 06. 2015. Independent measures of the simulated hydrogramme's adjustment to the observed one, included statistics in the form of: Nash-Sutcliffe (NS) coefficient of performance, mean absolute error of the MAE, and the root mean square error of the RMSE model. On the basis of the calibration of the model carried out on the basis of the increase of the rainfall in 2015, a variant with the precipitation time distribution was indicated, in which the culmination falls on the 12th hour of precipitation.
Jeremi Baran   
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Hydrologów i Hydrotechników, ul. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław