THE INFLUENCE OF WATER MATRIX ON THE SEPARATION OF SELECTED ESTROGENS AND XENOESTROGENS BY NANOFILTRATION
 
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Instytut Inżynierii Wody i Ścieków, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Śląska, ul. Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mariusz Dudziak   

Instytut Inżynierii Wody i Ścieków, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Śląska, ul. Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice
Publication date: 2017-02-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 1:27–35
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ABSTRACT
Nowadays unlimited access to clean and affordable water is one of the fundamental humanitarian principles. However, due to the urbanization, pollution of water resources, poor water management, climate change and population growth, this goal still remains the challenge of the 21st century. Therefore, the effective treatment of surface waters has become one of the priority task of engineering and environmental protection. The solutions to reduce the number and concentration of pollutants, including organic micropollutants getting into surface waters, for example with outflows from municipal sewage treatment plant, are still sought. The efficiency of micropollutants removal in conventional water treatment processes is often insufficient. Based on the above information, under this study, the assessment of the efficiency of the high-pressure membrane filtration in terms of the removal of 17β-estradiol, 17α-ethinylestradiol and bisphenol A from different water templates were evaluated. Tested compounds differed primarily in its origin and solubility in water. In the study both, the model and actual outflow were tested. The results were compared in terms of the effectiveness of studied micropollutants removal from a solution made on the basis of deionized water. During the study, the commercial high-pressure filtration HL membrane (GE Osmonics) was tested. The driving force of the processes were transmembrane pressure of 2.0 MPa. Removed compounds were assayed using HPLC chromatography preceded by a solid phase extraction SPE. It has been shown, that the retention degree of tested compounds depended on the type of purified water template and physico-chemical properties of individual compounds such as hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity (determined by the value of the logKow) and molar mass. Higher retention degrees of tested compounds were observed during the actual outflow filtration of actual outflow in comparison with those found for model one or deionized water. It indicates, that there are additional phenomenon affecting the separation of micropollutants, i.e. the formation of complexes between molecules of tested compounds and other macromolecular organic substances present in the solution and the formation of so-called secondary membrane having a lower porosity than the porosity of primary one, which contributes to a greater retention of micropollutants.