PHOSPHATES REMOVAL FROM REJECT WATER FROM DIGESTION OF SLUDGE
 
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Katedra Chemii, Technologii Wody i Ścieków, Wydział Infrastruktury i Środowiska, Politechnika Częstochowska, ul. J.H. Dąbrowskiego 73, 42-201 Częstochowa
Publish date: 2016-06-15
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2016; 48:196–201
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ABSTRACT
The aim of the research work was to evaluate if coagulants used on technical scale are useful in phosphates removal from reject water. Effectiveness of phosphorus compounds removal from reject water from digestion of sewage sludge was examined. Selected prehydrolysed alkaline aluminium polychlorides were used. The results were compared to the ones obtained with aluminium sulphate. Reject water from digestion of sewage sludge form WWTP of 100 000 PE were examined. Commercial agents – prehydrolysed PAX 18, PAX XL10, PAX-XL1905 as well as aluminium sulphate were used. Various doses of coagulants: 0.7; 1.0; 1.5 – time higher than stoichiometric dose were applied. Stoichiometric dose was calculated based on chemical reaction of insoluble aluminium phosphate formation. Concentrations of Kiejdahl nitrogen (891 mgNKj/dm3), phosphates (125 mgPO43-/dm3) and organic compounds - COD (592 mgO2/dm3) in reject water were very high. The effectiveness of coagulation process increased as the doses of chemical agents increased. The most effective doses were the highest ones used during the experiment. The most effective agent was PAX 18 (96% removal efficiency). As the phosphates concentration decreased COD content declined simultaneously. Maximum COD removal (47%) was obtained when highly alkaline PAX XL 1905 was used. Use of the lowest dose of Al2(SO4)3 allowed for 50% phosphates removal, whereas the lowest dose of PAX 18 decreased phosphates concentration by 83%.