The effects of climate changes of the cave environment
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Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Katarzyna Maria Kasprowska-Nowak   

Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie, Waszyngtona 4/8, 42-200 Częstochowa
Publish date: 2018-12-01
Inż. Ekolog. 2018; 6:198–204
The article presents the effects of climate change of the cave environment (underground ecosystem) since the formation of caves (Neogene Period), through the glaciation period in Poland to the present day. They were developed on the example of the analysis of the Biśnik Cave sediments (located in the central part of the Cracow-Wieluń Upland), which consist of several layers made of various materials (geological, paleozoological, paleobotanical and archaeological) and provide knowledge about climate change. Thanks to the distinguished components (developed by interdisciplinary researchers) and using the results of dating of sediment layers using physicochemical methods, reconstruction of individual environmental elements in the cave (karstifited rock, morphology, microclimate, cave waters, fauna, vegetation and man) was made during the geological period between which occurred specific relationships / dependencies. The distinguished elements formed various ecological systems (models) at three stages of cave development (abiotic, biotic and anthropic), which developed as a result of climate change.