THE ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM IN THE PERCEPTION BY FARMERS SELECTED ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Zakład Biologicznych Podstaw Rolnictwa i Edukacji Środowiskowej, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, ul. Ćwiklińskiej 2/D3, 35-601 Rzeszów
Inż. Ekolog. 2013; 34:189–197
Publish date: 2014-10-20
Development and implementation of the agri-environmental program is mandatory for each member state of the European Union. Polish agri-environmental program focuses not only on extensification of agricultural production but also at sustaining of existing Europe’s largest biodiversity in the rural areas. The agri-environmental program is an alternative to the conventional agriculture and is designed to encourage farmers to adopt practices that lead to the greening of agricultural production and is contributes to the retardation of intensive transforming of habitats in rural areas.
Agricultural producers in the Podkarpackie voivodeship are seeking new opportunities and they see a chance for the development of their farms also in agri-environmental program. Survey research has shown that the majority of the farmers decided to participate in the agri-environmental actions for economic reasons and in the extent of their knowledge and the way in which they perceive environmental issues do not differ much from the surveyed parties who do not carry out agrienvironmental program. Even thought they composted organic waste, do not dispose them in the illegal dumpsites and they claim (98%) that they comply with the Code of Good Agricultural Practice (while in the group who do not realize the program that answer was provided only by 20% of the respondents), they did not recognize the threat to the environment due to the deterioration of biodiversity.