Scores:
9
MNiSW
79.88
ICV
 
 

THE INFLUENCE OF NATURAL ESSENTIAL OILS ON THE GROWTH OF PHYTOPHTHORA SPP. ISOLATED FROM PELARGONIUM CUTTINGS

Marcelina Machura 1  ,  
 
1
Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Wydział Biotechnologii i Ogrodnictwa, Al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 5:84–91
Publish date: 2017-10-01
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ABSTRACT:
Ornamental plants play an important role in human life. Plants positively influence the psyche and improve the well-being of people around them. They produce oxygen, provide a barrier to dust and noise, lower the temperature and increase air humidity, thereby positively impacting the microclimate. The unmatched appeal of pelargonium, ease of cultivation and care, abundance of flowering from spring to late autumn and its decorative qualities make it a universal application. The aim of the study was to isolate the microorganisms that inhabit the cuttings of pelargonium, identify fungal isolates, investigate the pathogenicity of selected isolates and evaluate the influence of certain essential oils (Carum carvi L. essential oils, Citrus limon L. essential oils, Citrus reticulatae aetheroleum essential oils, essential oil of tea tree ) in in vitro circumstances on the linear growth of the mycelium: Phytophthora cryptogea, Phytophthora nicotianae var. nicotianae. Previcur Energy 840 SL was used as a standard chemical protection. The most numerous isolated fungi were: Phytophthora, Botrytis, Cylindrocladium, Alternaria and Cylindrocarpon. The highest efficiency in relation to Phytophthora cryptogea characterized the Citrus limon L. essential oils (concentration 0.1% and 1%) and Carum carvi L. essential oil (concentration 1%).
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Marcelina Machura   
Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Wydział Biotechnologii i Ogrodnictwa, Al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków