EVALUATION OF WATER RETENTION CAPABILITY IN WETLANDS AT SMALL FOREST CATCHMENT
Daniel Liberacki 1  
,  
Mariusz Korytowski 1  
,  
 
 
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Instytut Melioracji, Kształtowania Środowiska i Geodezji, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, ul. Piąt-kowska 94, 60-649 Poznań
Publish date: 2015-07-25
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2015; 43:146–152
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ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of researches carried out in the middle part of Pizza Zielonka forest complex. The aim was the evaluation of retention changes at wetlands and mid-forest ponds. The object of the study was the catchment of the Trojanka watercourse, considering from the origin to the cross-section of Zielonka Lake. The catchment is located in in the central part of the Wielkopolska region, approximatelly 20 km on the North-East of Poznań. The area of this forestall catchment is about 223 ha. In the paper an analysis of the results from three hydrological years was presented. The results of the years 1987 (wet year), 2003 (dry year) and 2009 (medium year) were analysed against meteorological conditions. Retention capacity in each wetlands, as well as the possibility of water retention in the Trojanka watercourse was calculated. The researches confirmed significant meteorological conditions influence the amount of retentioned water. The calculated capacity of retentioned water was 15 852 m3 considering the total area of wetland and swamp (8,58 ha) and precipitation sum of 555 mm. 18% increase of water capacity was observed in wet year (1987) In this year the sum of precipitation was 100 mm higher than multiyear average sum. Meanwhile 62% decrease of water capacity was observed in dry year (2003), when the precipitation sum was 208 mm lower than multiyear average one.