Assessment of pollution of aquatic flora residues of pesticide in areas intensively used for agricultural purposes
Adam Adamski 1  
,  
Jakub Łozowicki 2  
,  
Piotr Kaczyński 3  
,  
 
 
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1
White Hill Sp z o.o., ul. Żurawia 71/3, 15-540 Białystok
2
Hydratec, ul. Batalionów Chłopskich 3/23, 15-661 Białystok
3
Instytut Ochrony Roślin – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Terenowa Stacja Doświadczalna w Białymstoku, ul. Chełmońskiego 22, 15-195 Białystok
4
Instytut Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy, Falenty, Al. Hrabska 3, 05-090 Raszyn
Publish date: 2018-06-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2018; 3:45–51
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ABSTRACT:
The aim of this study was to pilot the determination of the state of contamination with residues of plant protection products of freshwater ecosystems in areas of intensively used agriculture in the Podlasie voivodship. The analytical studies sought residues 431 active ingredients (a.i.) of pesticides. The qualitative and quantitative determination was performed using liquid chromatography technique coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. 85% of the samples tested showed the presence of residues. From among 431 substances tested, only 23 active substances were detected, of which the most numerous group were herbicides (11 (a.i.). The results show that there are significant concentrations of pesticides in the water lance (Lemna L.), which confirms that this plant is an excellent bioindicator of freshwater ecosystems contamination.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Hazem M. Kalaji   
SGGW, Nowoursynowska, 02-776 Warszaw, Polska