Environmental Risk Assessment Caused by Selected Pollutants to Aquatic Environment on the Example of the Klodnica River
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Główny Instytut Górnictwa, Plac Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice
Górnośląska Agencja Przedsiębiorczości i Rozwoju sp. z o.o., ul. Wincentego Pola 16, 44-100 Gliwice
Publish date: 2017-12-01
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 6:69–80
The waterbody Kłodnica to Promna as was analysed an example of watercourse located in the densely populated and highly urbanized area of the Upper Silesian Industrial Region. The aim of the study was to assess the risk posed to the aquatic ecosystem by priority substances (Ni, Pb, Cd, Hg) and specific non-synthetic pollutants (Cu, Zn), which are released to Kłodnica river. The analysis of the risk assessment was carried out by comparing the concentration of metals in the aquatic environment to the environmental quality standards and by using M-BAT and Pb Screening Tool which are user-friendly simplified BLM models (Biotic Ligand Model). These tools allowed to assess the potential risks posed by metals such as Cu, Ni, Zn, and Pb for the aquatic environment, taking into account the physicochemical parameters of water that affect the bioavailability of metals in the aquatic environment (DOC, Ca, pH). The results obtained by means of these tools showed that the risk caused by the toxicity of Cu, Ni and Pb has not occurred in any of the analyzed samples. On the other hand, high probability of risk due to the presence of Zn in surface water has been identified in all sampling points. The results of the analysis confirmed that the local conditions in terms of physicochemical water parameters have a significant impact on the risk assessment. The results of this study confirmed that the tools which are simplified version of complex BLM are an important element supporting the monitoring process in urbanized river catchment in the context of the Water Framework Directive requirements.
Marta Wiesner-Sękala   
Główny Instytut Górnictwa, Plac Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice