Economic and social importance of dam reservoirs – a study of the Soła River cascade
 
 
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Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej, Instytut Ochrony i Inżynierii Środowiska, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Andrzej Jaguś   

Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej, Instytut Ochrony i Inżynierii Środowiska, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała
Publish date: 2018-02-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2018; 1:25–35
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ABSTRACT
The paper is devoted to the functions of dam reservoirs in terms of their socioeconomic usefulness. Three dam reservoirs of the Soła cascade were chosen (Tresna, Porąbka, Czaniec) as the example that are located in the southern part of Silesian Provence. The cascade is an integrated retention system, but particular reservoirs have different functions. The role of reservoirs in flood protection (Tresna, Porąbka), drinking water supply (Czaniec), electricity production (Porąbka/Porąbka-Żar), recreation (Porąbka, Tresna), supply of rock aggregate (Tresna) was depicted as well. The high importance of the cascade for economic development of the region was demonstrated. Finally, the controversies about the construction and utility of dam reservoirs were discussed.