FUNCTIONS OF PARK PONDS IN RUSSÓW N/KALISZ
 
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1
Instytut Badawczo-Rozwojowy Inżynierii Lądowej i Wodnej „Euroexbud” w Kaliszu, ul. Łódzka 218, 62-800 Kalisz
2
Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, ul. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław
Publication date: 2014-10-19
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2013; 35:106–116
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ABSTRACT
Park ponds covering 1.123 ha in Russów are located within the basin of the Prosna river. They belong to a fractional basin of a trench running across Russów, which is the right-bank tributary of the Prosna before Kalisz. Park ponds are supplied with a trench and a melioration ditch joining that water course, which in turn are supplied by precipitation and melting water. The park ponds are an element of natural landscape and regulate hydro conditions in the park covering app. 4.0 ha, thereby increasing small water retention. The system of irrigating areas adjacent to the ponds in the natural landscape park is based on a capillary method. A specific microclimate holds over the ponds and in their neighbourhood which favourably affects the environment.