ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF LANDFORMS ON LANDSCAPE MOLDING AND LAND MANAGEMENT
Tomasz Oberski 1  
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Politechnika Koszalińska, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej, Środowiska i Geodezji, Katedra Geoinformatyki, ul. Śniadeckich 2, 75-453 Koszalin
Publish date: 2014-10-21
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2013; 33:86–95
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ABSTRACT
Landscaping has a major impact on the natural phenomena that occur on the surface of the Earth. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of Europe (23/10/2000) prescribes an obligation of sustainable management of water resources, including by protecting them against deterioration of water, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and wetlands dependent on water. Origins of wetlands and natural water reservoirs associated with the structure and the type of soil, topography, the surface flow of water in the hydrological cycle and the groundwater that emanates as a stream water under sloping impermeable layer. The Szwedow-Birghman equation describes the function of gravity relating flow of terrain which is density-plastic soil on slope surface. The movement of soil on sloping angle stops after reaching the final state. The final state will profile H = H0 that shows the terrain in stability condition. Over time, the shape of any profile will become regular independent of its original condition, and in its lower part forms a zone of accumulation, which under certain conditions, hydrological and soil will be a natural barrier for surface and underground water. The aim of this study was to develop methods to assess the stability of the terrain using modern methods of photogrammetry and geospatial and gain areas at risk of flooding acquisition and pollution associated with the flow of surface water and groundwater.