ANALYSIS OF WATER RELATIONS OF SUBSTRATES USED IN GREEN ROOF SYSTEMS
Anna Baryła 1  
,   Agnieszka Karczmarczyk 1  
,   Agnieszka Bus 1  
 
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Katedra Kształtowania Środowiska, Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warszawa
Publication date: 2014-10-15
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2014; 39:7–14
 
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ABSTRACT
Green roofs, as the restoration of biologically active area, are fairly common and effective method of storm water management in urban areas. Depend on the design of the green roof and the type of substrate, they are able to retain 50–90% of rainwater. The aim of the study was to determine the physicochemical properties of two substrates used in the construction of green roofs (intensive and extensive). Water retention of substrates was compared to water retention of substrates undelined with the drainage layer made from crushed autoclaved aerated concrete. In the experiment, which uses drainage layer, higher drying the top layer of the substrate was observed, which may be related to high water absorption drainage material. The effluent from the substrate using aerated concrete as a drainage layer amounted to an average of 22–51% of the volume of water supplied to the extensive substrate, whereas 19–46% of the volume of water supplied to the intensive substrate. The effluent from the substrate without the drainage layer amounted 40-48% of the volume of water supplied.