ALKALINE TREATMENT AND IMMOBILIZATION OF SECONDARY WASTE FROM WASTE INCINERATION
Michał Łach 1  
,  
 
 
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Wydział Mechaniczny; Instytut Inżynierii Materiałowej, Politechnika Krakowska im. Tadeusza Kościuszki, al. Jana Pawła II 37, 31-864 Kraków
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dariusz Mierzwiński   

Wydział Mechaniczny; Instytut Inżynierii Materiałowej, Politechnika Krakowska im. Tadeusza Kościuszki, al. Jana Pawła II 37, 31-864 Kraków
Publish date: 2017-04-01
 
Inż. Ekolog. 2017; 2:102–108
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ABSTRACT
This paper regards the possibility of using geopolymer matrix to immobilize heavy metals present in ash and slag from combustion of waste. In the related research one used the fly ash from coal combustion in one Polish CHP plant and the waste from Polish incineration plants. It was studied if the above-named waste materials are useful in the process of alkali-activation. Therefore, three sets of geopolymer mixtures were prepared containing 60, 50 and 30% of ash and slag from the combustion of waste and fly ash combustion of sewage skudge. The remaining content was fly ash from coal combustion. The alkali-activation was conducted by means of 14M solution of NaOH and sodium water glass. The samples, whose dimensions were in accordance with the PN-EN 206-1 norm, were subjected to 75°C for 24h. According to the results, the geopolymer matrix is able to immobilize heavy metals and retain compressive strength resembling that of concrete.